Europe is engaged in a dynamic of reducing the causes of climate change and releasing oil dependence. As the transport sector is the largest GHG emitter in the region, the move towards electromobility is crucial to accelerate the energy transition.
In this movement, the French government launched in July 2017 the “Plan Climat ” and sets the year 2040 as the end of sales of gasoline and diesel vehicles. To support this transition, it has committed to deploy 7 million charging points by 2030. Moreover, the cap of 40,000 registrations of electric and hybrid cars in France is in sight in 2017 (AVERE France).
Cities are multiplying the deployments of charging stations to meet the growing demand of drivers. Access to the 20,048 public charging stations currently installed is therefore a major issue to be addressed (GIREVE 2017 figures).
Vehicle presence detection systems make this process more reliable. They guarantee the accessibility and thus the profitability of charging infrastructures for electric vehicles and encourage faster networking to reduce existing territorial disparities and accelerate the energy transition.
Everything converges towards electromobility
A growing offer, battery autonomy beyond 500 km, incentive policies, the support of the European directive and initiatives such as platformelectromobility that brings together civil society organizations, industries and transport, everything converges for electromobility to take off.
European Mobility Week but also the French National Conference on Mobility, major events around the sustainable mobility dynamic follow one another and give pride of place to electromobility.
New Mobility World, Frankfurt2017, Paris Motor Show… even the “Motor shows” become the opportunity for the actors to expose their presence in electromobility. Moreover, some cities are real engines, as Paris which has announced its intention to replace its buses with electric buses and plans to ban the circulation of thermal cars in 2030.
In parallel, unveiled on 25 November 2016 in Paris, the report “On the road to sustainable transport_ European Climate Foundation” shows the potential for France to reduce its oil expenditure by 6 billion euros by 2030, while creating 66 000 jobs and reducing CO2 emissions by 40% below the BaU level. The report also shows that more than 4 million vehicles can be integrated into French electricity distribution networks without increasing electricity generation capacity.
Although the problem of the ecological impact of electric vehicles is complex (energy mix, use of vehicles, observed parameter), it appears that, subject to meeting certain criteria of use, electric vehicles are actually more environmentally sustainable in the long run. Thus, provided a relatively clean energy mix is available, the reduction in the pollution rate is proportional to the use of the vehicle.
According to a study by a team of engineers from the Journal of Industrial Ecology, the impact on 100,000 km, is 9 to 14% more positive than for gasoline vehicles and 27 to 29% more positive on global warming on at least 200,000 km of use. The momentum towards sustainable and clean mobility is complex but electromobility is now clearly part of the answer, as confirmed by the latest study of “Foundation for Nature and Man” which places it in first position of its 5 priorities .
Institutions, governments, industry, and civil society are working together in this direction, technologies are serving this evolution and the world is moving towards cleaner electricity generation to truly improve the economic and environmental impact of vehicles.
The brakes, lifted one after the other
According to the third IPSOS barometer on the subject, The French and the electric mobility 2016, among the main elements that could participate in the triggering of the act of purchase, the respondents evoke :
- a purchase cost equivalent to that of a thermal car (72%),
- a distance without recharging of at least 300 km (72%)
- the ability to recharge easily at home or nearby (62%).
We can note that beyond practical considerations, 80% of respondents say they are ready to change their mobility habits to improve air quality.
To date, the electricity supply in France varies between 12 000 euros including bonus deducted for the BLUECAR for example up to 71 200 € bonus deducted for the TESLA S. It should be noted that the State offers, since April 1 2015, a diesel vehicle conversion premium registered before January 1, 2006 – up to € 10,000 and since 2008 an ecological bonus of € 6,000 for the purchase of an electric vehicle for individuals and professionals to whom some communities add cumulative support.
- The electric car more economical than a diesel before the year 2030
In parallel, according to le Beuc, the average total cost of ownership of an electric car should equal that of a gasoline car by 2024 and become cheaper than a diesel before 2030. In the meantime, Ademe announce , in its April 2016 study, that your electric vehicle will be profitable between 12 000 and 30 000 km per year, at a rate of 50 to 80 km every day. In addition, refueling costs only € 2.50 to € 4.20, depending on the model, for a variable range of 145 to 250 km, an unbeatable cost per 100 km of 1.47 to 2, 10 €. To top it off, you can also reduce the amount of your electricity consumption by up to 50% with some suppliers if you charge your vehicle during off-peak hours.
- Growing autonomy, decreasing recharge times
Still according to the 2016 electric mobility barometer, 77% of French motorists travel in fact a daily journey of less than 50 km gold according to ” Automobile propre “, the average autonomy of electric cars varies between 100 to 300 actual kilometers. The autonomies are also parties to be more and more successful. Tesla offers an S model with more than 500 km of autonomy and predicts up to 1200 km of autonomy by 2020.
For long distances, you can rely on the public charging stations, for which manufacturers refer to “80%” charging in 30 minutes, when it comes to fast charging stations. To go further in the race to the performance, Toshiba announces being able to market as of 2019 a rechargeable lithium-ion battery of 32 kWh in just six minutes. To be continued…
EVSE accessibility, a key challenge
- Many charging stations
In August 2014, at the time of the discussions on the energy transition law for green growth, the French government set itself the goal of deploying 7 million charging points by 2030.
On 18 September 2017, the day before the “Assises de la mobilité”, the GIREVE has counted 20,048 recharging points for electric vehicles in France, ie + 35.5% in 1 year. The electrification index of AlixPartners published in September 2017, based on the ratio between the number of vehicles sold and their electric autonomy puts France in 4th position as regards the number of electric kilometers traveled on a worldwide scale after China, the United States and Norway.
- Accessible charging stations
When we talk about the problem of ICE-ing, we immediately think of these thermal vehicles whose illegitimate presence regularly annoys users of electric vehicles or hybrid vehicles. Subtler, it is the fact of electric cars in the case where they are not connected to the terminals. Their owners sometimes think that they can dispose of it the time to do their shopping. Some testimonials on the Web also report the current annoyance in France and across the Atlantic following the squats of the charging station.
Loïc Le Meur, a well-known businessman complaining about the lack of free space in the Tesla “Supercharger”, caught the eye of Elon Musk, who promised to take control of the problem. Since, if the car is not moved within 5 minutes after the end of the refill, penalties of € 0.35 per minute start to apply!
However, this does not solve all the problems, in particular that of the thermal cars which tend to park on the places dedicated to the charging stations.
Solutions to ensure access to EVSEs
- Regulatory solutions
- Better indicated parking place dedicated to charging, using law-based explanatory signs, systematic floor markings with bright colors to distinguish them from other parking spaces,
- A more regular verbalization on the public space with a surcharge for the one who stays longer than the time of the recharge,
- Technological solutions
Technical solutions based on wireless sensors to detect the presence of vehicles exist. These solutions currently used in the Intelligent Transport System (ITS) sector are able to provide real-time information on the effective availability of charging places.
The operator (operator, city or energy union) thus controls the presence of electric or thermal vehicles, whether they are charging or not. It provides drivers with accurate availability information: the charging station is available and the place is accessible. The operator can possibly start a verbalization process for the vehicles in abuse.
Reliable and fast information of effective availability is essential to satisfy users and future drivers of electric vehicles and promote electromobility. Users will be able to continue their journey and return directly to their homes without any deflection. Vehicle presence detection solutions also guarantee the profitability of infrastructure deployed by operators and encourage faster networking to reduce existing territorial disparities and accelerate the energy transition.
Discover how it works.