The Intelligent transports systems were honored for the 22nd ITS World Congress in Bordeaux, one of the most advanced city concerning innovative mobility. The city was indeed a forerunner in the ITS field (Intelligent Transport Systems) with its advanced traffic management system « Gertrude » and the use of the ground-level power-supply system, a world innovation for the tramway of the city.
A strong willingness of the French community
« Towards Intelligent Mobility – Better Use of Space » was the main topics discussed at the event. It involves technologies and space services for ITS, urban trends and ITS evolution, people and goods multimodal transport, autonomous vehicles, big and open data, etc. While the COP21 world conference will be held in a few weeks in Paris, topics and challenges discussions of the ITS World Congress were mainly focused about the ITS contribution to climate change issues.
According to the French ministry of ecology, sustainable development and energy, the transport sector represents in 2011, 27% of greenhouse gas emissions, the first emitting sector in France. The country aims to significantly reduce sector’s emissions by 20% by 2020.
Exemplary French cities
The city of Lyon has therefore adopted a real time data collection system for road weather monitoring: the GrizzLY system. The solution is deployed on nine locations spread on the Grand Lyon area. Every deployment sites are equipped with HIKOB POLAR BEAR embedded sensors to measure the road surface temperature and HIKOB WOLF acquisition nodes to measure the outside temperature and humidity. The system helps to anticipate salting operations and winter road maintenance services interventions in order to limit the amount of salt used and to reduced the CO2 emissions related to supervisors and technicians’ patrols in the field. The system also contributes to improve traffic safety and fluidity bringing an efficient decision making support to the road operators.
Troyes, an other French city, has also decided to deploy effective policies to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The city aims to become in the short-term a Smart City. HIKOB wireless sensor network system has been installed in the city with the objective to improve road traffic management.
Cities have not yet had their final say
French cities are currently implementing practical solutions to reduce their carbon footprint. Wireless data acquisition systems prove to be very efficient tools to facilitate sustainable mobility for these emerging Smart Cities.